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Achalasia

Summary of Achalasia
Achalasia is a failure of relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter due to loss of the myenteric (Auerbach) plexus. This can lead to progressive dysphagia to solids and liquids. A barium swallow will show a dilated esophagus with an area of distal stenosis. This is also the characteristic 'bird's beak' sign. 

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Notes

Pathology

Gastrointestinal system

Peritoneum and peritoneal cavity disorders
Upper gastrointestinal tract disorders
Lower gastrointestinal tract disorders
Liver, gallbladder and pancreas disorders