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Acute respiratory distress syndrome: Clinical
0 / 7 complete
|Blood Gases, Serum|
|PO2||53 mm Hg|
|Cardiac Enzymes, Serum|
|Brain Natriuretic Peptide (BNP)||<100 ng/dL (N = <100)|
If the injury continues, the alveoli eventually collapse.
Now, the pulmonary edema from ARDS causes the same problems as pulmonary edema from congestive heart failure, but because the triggering events are different, the term non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema is often used for ARDS.
Now, ARDS is not a primary lung disease, rather it arises as a complication of a systemic injury that causes widespread inflammation which results in damage to the alveolar-capillary membranes within the lung.
The most common underlying systemic cause of ARDS is sepsis, which causes systemic inflammation in response to an infection.
But other insults include trauma, severe burns, near-drowning, disseminated intravascular coagulation or DIC, acute pancreatitis, massive blood transfusions, aspiration of gastric contents, and toxic smoke inhalation.
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a potentially life-threatening condition that occurs when the lungs are unable to provide sufficient oxygen to the bloodstream. Symptoms of ARDS can include rapid breathing, shortness of breath, chest pain, and extreme fatigue. ARDS is most often caused by another underlying condition, such as pneumonia, sepsis, or trauma.
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