Age-related macular degeneration



Age-related macular degeneration

Eyes, ears, nose, and throat


Age-related macular degeneration


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USMLE® Step 1 questions

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High Yield Notes

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Age-related macular degeneration

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USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

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A 73-year-old woman comes to his primary care physician to evaluate the progressive bilateral vision loss. The patient states that she has had difficulty reading and driving, which has gotten worse over the past six weeks. She states that door frames and window blinds appear “curved”. She has a past medical history of hypertension and a 40 pack-year smoking history. Vitals are within normal limits. A dilated eye examination reveals subretinal fluid with a gray-green discoloration. Which of the following is the most likely cause of this patient’s ocular condition?  

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Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a medical condition that results in a gradual loss of vision particularly in people older than 60 years. In this condition, there are macular degenerative changes that involve the central part of the retina, resulting in impaired central vision. This can make reading, driving, and recognizing faces difficult.


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