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Age-related macular degeneration




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Age-related macular degeneration


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High Yield Notes
13 pages

Age-related macular degeneration

10 flashcards

USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

3 questions

USMLE® Step 2 style questions USMLE

3 questions

A 79-year-old woman comes to the clinic because of rapid distortion of vision in her right eye over the past several weeks. She reports a slowly progressive decrease in visual acuity when reading, specifically in her left eye that she got used to by using brighter light. She thought it was just due to old age and has not followed up with an ophthalmologist. Her acute changes in the right eye have alarmed her and she is afraid of blindness. Her temperature is 37.0°C (98.6°F), pulse is 82/min, respirations are 12/min, and blood pressure is 128/86 mm Hg. Physical examination shows deposits of extracellular material collecting into yellowish deposits seen by using ophthalmoscopy. Which of the following would best treat her acute visual changes in her right eye?

Macular degeneration, also known as age-related macular degeneration, is a medical condition which may result in blurred or no vision in the center of the visual field. Early on there are often no symptoms. Over time, however, some people experience a gradual worsening of vision that may affect one or both eyes. While it does not result in complete blindness, loss of central vision can make it hard to recognize faces, drive, read, or perform other activities of daily life. Visual hallucinations may also occur but these do not represent a mental illness.