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Psychological disorders

Mood disorders

Major depressive disorder


Bipolar disorder

Seasonal affective disorder

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder

Anxiety disorders

Generalized anxiety disorder

Social anxiety disorder

Panic disorder



Obsessive-compulsive disorders

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Body focused repetitive disorders

Body dysmorphic disorder

Stress-related disorders and abuse

Post-traumatic stress disorder

Physical and sexual abuse

Psychotic disorders

Schizoaffective disorder

Schizophreniform disorder

Delusional disorder


Cognitive and dissociative disorders



Dissociative disorders

Eating disorders

Anorexia nervosa

Bulimia nervosa

Personality disorders

Cluster A personality disorders

Cluster B personality disorders

Cluster C personality disorders

Somatoform and factitious disorders

Somatic symptom disorder

Factitious disorder

Substance use disorders and drugs of abuse

Tobacco dependence

Opioid dependence

Cannabis dependence

Cocaine dependence

Alcohol use disorder

Sleep disorders


Nocturnal enuresis


Night terrors

Narcolepsy (NORD)

Sexual dysfunction disorders

Erectile dysfunction

Male hypoactive sexual desire disorder

Orgasmic dysfunction

Female sexual interest and arousal disorder

Genito-pelvic pain and penetration disorder

Pediatric disorders

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Disruptive, impulse control, and conduct disorders

Learning disability

Fetal alcohol syndrome

Tourette syndrome

Autism spectrum disorder

Rett syndrome

Shaken baby syndrome



Psychiatric emergencies


Serotonin syndrome

Neuroleptic malignant syndrome

Psychological disorders review

Mood disorders: Pathology review

Amnesia, dissociative disorders and delirium: Pathology review

Personality disorders: Pathology review

Eating disorders: Pathology review

Psychological sleep disorders: Pathology review

Psychiatric emergencies: Pathology review

Drug misuse, intoxication and withdrawal: Hallucinogens: Pathology review

Malingering, factitious disorders and somatoform disorders: Pathology review

Anxiety disorders, phobias and stress-related disorders: Pathology Review

Trauma- and stress-related disorders: Pathology review

Schizophrenia spectrum disorders: Pathology review

Drug misuse, intoxication and withdrawal: Stimulants: Pathology review

Drug misuse, intoxication and withdrawal: Alcohol: Pathology review

Developmental and learning disorders: Pathology review

Childhood and early-onset psychological disorders: Pathology review




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High Yield Notes

4 pages



of complete

External References

First Aid









brain lesions p. 528

classification of p. 581

clinical drug-induced p. 566

electroconvulsive therapy p. 581

Vitamin BNaN deficiency p. 428

amnesia with p. 581

External Links



Simone Taylor

Sam Gillespie, BSc

In the movie The Bourne Identity, CIA assassin Jason Bourne tells his new acquaintance Marie Kreutz about washing up on shore, unconscious, with two bullets in his back.

He tells her that he can’t remember anything that happened before regaining consciousness, saying: “No, I’m serious. I don’t know who I am, I don’t know where I’m going, none of it.”

Jason Bourne has amnesia which refers to lacking memory.

Now, memory can be divided into two main types.

The first is implicit memory, also known as procedural memory.

Procedural memory refers to replicating the sorts of skills you can perform automatically, without thinking much about it.

For example, walking, riding a bike, or texting—anything that has become a habit.

The second type of memory is explicit memory, also known as declarative memory. Declarative memory refers to retaining and recalling facts—the sort of stuff you need to win a trivia contest.

These memories do take some degree of conscious effort to retrieve; when trying to remember things like, “How many countries start with the letter J?”, most of us need to stop and focus.

You can think of procedural memory as “remembering how,” and declarative memory as “remembering what.”

When we talk about amnesia, we really mean that some part of a person’s declarative memory, the “remembering what” part, has been affected.

Jason Bourne may not remember who he is, but he has no problem remembering how to speak foreign languages or how to fight.

Now, the process of forming declarative memory can be broken down into four stages, each involving specific parts of the brain.

The first stage is encoding, which occurs in the prefrontal cortex.

Encoding begins as soon as you first sense something.

Say you’re tasting a strawberry. Encoding would involve classifying the strawberry according to sweetness, size, color and texture.

Think of encoding as a process of breaking down an experience into manageable parts for the rest of the brain to use.

The second stage is consolidation.

Consolidation occurs in the hippocampus, deep within the temporal lobes.

In consolidation, the encoded bits of information like the sweetness, size, and texture of the strawberry are linked up to existing memories.

Think of consolidation as solidifying the memory. Comparing that information about the strawberry with memories you already have, like eating a raspberry or a blueberry, helps determine where to put that new information in your memory.

When you consolidate a memory you are organizing it in a way that will be easier to recall.


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