Anatomy clinical correlates: Foot

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Anatomy clinical correlates: Foot

Lower limb


Bones of the lower limb

Fascia, vessels, and nerves of the lower limb

Anatomy of the anterior and medial thigh

Muscles of the gluteal region and posterior thigh

Vessels and nerves of the gluteal region and posterior thigh

Anatomy of the popliteal fossa

Anatomy of the leg

Anatomy of the foot

Anatomy of the hip joint

Anatomy of the knee joint

Anatomy of the tibiofibular joints

Joints of the ankle and foot

Anatomy clinical correlates

Anatomy clinical correlates: Hip, gluteal region and thigh

Anatomy clinical correlates: Knee

Anatomy clinical correlates: Leg and ankle

Anatomy clinical correlates: Foot

Memory Anchors and Partner Content



Daniel Afloarei, MD

Jake Ryan

Cassidy Dermott

Zachary Kevorkian, MSMI

The foot is the most distal part of our lower limbs - and while it represents only a small part of the body, its unique structure allows for walking, running, and dancing, but is also an unfortunate vulnerable point for being tickled.

Laughing aside, let's kick off this video which will focus on the clinical conditions affecting the foot.

First, let's talk about plantar fasciitis. Plantar fasciitis describes inflammation of the deep plantar fascia, also called the plantar aponeurosis. The deep plantar fascia is a thick, pearly-white band of tissue that attaches to the medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity and extends to the toes and supports the medial longitudinal arch of the foot.

Excessive training, particularly those who frequently run, jog, or walk,

can cause repetitive microtrauma.

This leads to inflammation of the plantar fascia particularly at its attachment point to the calcaneus.

Additionally, individuals who undergo high impact exercise like jumping in volleyball or frequently train in bare feet may also experience plantar fasciitis.

Risk factors for plantar fasciitis include obesity, prolonged standing or working on hard surfaces, and pes planus, which is “flat feet” defined by the loss of the medial longitudinal arch of the foot where it contacts the ground

Diagnosis of plantar fasciitis is often clinical, and it commonly presents in middle aged adults. Individuals typically present with unilateral or bilateral heel pain that is worse in the morning and after prolonged rest, and gradually lessens with activity.

The pain is typically palpated over the medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity,

but can be felt along the length of the sole of the foot,

while pain can also be felt on passive dorsiflexion of the toes.

Heel spurs often coexist with plantar fasciitis, but it is also unclear whether they can cause plantar fasciitis, or represent a secondary response to an inflammatory reaction.


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