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Pelvis and perineum
Anatomy of the female reproductive organs of the pelvis
Anatomy of the female urogenital triangle
Anatomy of the gastrointestinal organs of the pelvis and perineum
Anatomy of the male reproductive organs of the pelvis
Anatomy of the male urogenital triangle
Anatomy of the pelvic cavity
Anatomy of the pelvic girdle
Anatomy of the perineum
Anatomy of the urinary organs of the pelvis
Arteries and veins of the pelvis
Nerves and lymphatics of the pelvis
Anatomy clinical correlates: Female pelvis and perineum
Anatomy clinical correlates: Male pelvis and perineum
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The female reproductive system is made up of external and internal organs. The external organs lie in an area called the vulva, and they include the labia, the clitoris, and the vaginal opening. The internal reproductive organs can be found within the pelvic cavity, and they include the ovaries, which produce the female sex cells, called oocytes, as well as sex hormones estrogen and progesterone; the uterine tubes, which carry the fertilized oocyte to the uterine cavity; the uterus, which houses the growing fetus during pregnancy; and the vagina, which is involved both in intercourse and fetal delivery.
Now, the ovaries, uterine tubes, and uterus lie within the pelvis and are covered by a double sheet of peritoneum called the broad ligament. This extends from the sides of the uterus to the lateral wall and floor of the pelvis. To visualize the broad ligament, imagine yourself standing with your arms outstretched holding a ball in each hand, your body is the uterus, your arms are the uterine tubes and the balls are the ovaries. Now, a sheet is draped over you and this sheet represents the peritoneum. You can see now how the broad ligament of the uterus is a double fold. Now the broad ligament has three mesenteries; the mesovarium which is associated with the ovaries, the mesosalpinx which covers the uterine tubes and mesometrium which covers the uterus.
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