00:00 / 00:00
Anatomy of the basal ganglia
Anatomy of the blood supply to the brain
Anatomy of the brainstem
Anatomy of the cerebellum
Anatomy of the cerebral cortex
Anatomy of the cranial meninges and dural venous sinuses
Anatomy of the diencephalon
Anatomy of the limbic system
Anatomy of the ventricular system
Anatomy of the white matter tracts
Anatomy clinical correlates: Anterior blood supply to the brain
Anatomy clinical correlates: Cerebellum and brainstem
Anatomy clinical correlates: Cerebral hemispheres
Anatomy clinical correlates: Posterior blood supply to the brain
0 / 1 complete
The limbic system consists of several parts within the telencephalon, also known as the cerebrum; the diencephalon, which includes the thalamus and hypothalamus; and the midbrain.
The term “limbic” means “border” in latin, so this system’s name originated from its location at the border between the telencephalon and diencephalon.
One way to remember the limbic system is to think of the word HOME; Homeostasis, Olfaction, Memory, Emotion.
This is because limbic system structures are involved in olfaction, or smell, in the regulation of emotions, like anger and fear, and other behaviors, like aggression and sexual behaviour.
Memory formation and the recollection of those memories are supported by the limbic system, and It can even influence responses of the autonomic nervous system, like cardiovascular or gastrointestinal functions.
To easily recall some of the functions, you can remember the famous 5 F’s, which are: Feeding, Fleeing, Fighting, Feeling and...Fornicating, the last one being, really, just a fancy word for Sex.
Structures that are included in the limbic system include the: hypothalamus, olfactory cortex, hippocampal formation, amygdala, subcallosal area, cingulate gyrus, parahippocampal gyrus, mammillary bodies and the basal forebrain.
Let’s take a closer look at each of them, starting with the hippocampal formation, which is crucial for converting short-term memory into long-term memory, shipping those memories into other cortical regions for long-term storage and assisting in retrieval of memories when needed.
Latest on COVID-19
Nurse Practitioner (NP)
Physician Assistant (PA)
Create custom content
Raise the Line Podcast
Copyright © 2024 Elsevier, its licensors, and contributors. All rights are reserved, including those for text and data mining, AI training, and similar technologies.
Cookies are used by this site.
Terms and Conditions
USMLE® is a joint program of the Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB) and the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME). COMLEX-USA® is a registered trademark of The National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners, Inc. NCLEX-RN® is a registered trademark of the National Council of State Boards of Nursing, Inc. Test names and other trademarks are the property of the respective trademark holders. None of the trademark holders are endorsed by nor affiliated with Osmosis or this website.