00:00 / 00:00
Anatomy of the larynx and trachea
Anatomy of the lymphatics of the neck
Anatomy of the pharynx and esophagus
Anatomy of the thyroid and parathyroid glands
Bones of the neck
Deep structures of the neck: Prevertebral muscles
Deep structures of the neck: Root of the neck
Fascia and spaces of the neck
Superficial structures of the neck: Anterior triangle
Superficial structures of the neck: Cervical plexus
Superficial structures of the neck: Posterior triangle
Anatomy clinical correlates: Bones, fascia and muscles of the neck
Anatomy clinical correlates: Vessels, nerves and lymphatics of the neck
Anatomy clinical correlates: Viscera of the neck
0 / 5 complete
The cervical viscera are composed of three layers named after their primary function.
The most superficial layer is the endocrine layer which contains the thyroid and parathyroid glands, then there’s the respiratory layer which contains the larynx and trachea and finally, the deepest layer is the alimentary layer which contains the pharynx and esophagus.
Let’s focus on the endocrine layer.
The thyroid gland is the largest endocrine gland in the body and produces two hormones: thyroid hormone and calcitonin.
It’s located anteriorly in the neck at the level of the C5 to T1 vertebrae and deep to the sternothyroid and sternohyoid muscles.
It consists of a right and left lobe, located anterolateral to the larynx and trachea.
These lobes are united over the trachea by a thin isthmus, usually anterior to the second and third tracheal rings, giving it an H-shaped appearance.
In some people, there is a third lobe called the pyramidal lobe which usually arises from the isthmus and extends up to the hyoid bone.
Now, the thyroid gland is surrounded by a thin fibrous capsule which sends septa deeply into the gland, and this capsule is attached to the cricoid cartilage and the superior tracheal rings by dense connective tissue.
External to the capsule, the visceral portion of the pretracheal layer of deep cervical fascia forms a loose sheath, and between this loose sheath and the fibrous capsule, there’s the superior and inferior thyroid arteries which supply the gland.
Latest on COVID-19
Nurse Practitioner (NP)
Physician Assistant (PA)
Create custom content
Raise the Line Podcast
Copyright © 2024 Elsevier, its licensors, and contributors. All rights are reserved, including those for text and data mining, AI training, and similar technologies.
Cookies are used by this site.
Terms and Conditions
USMLE® is a joint program of the Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB) and the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME). COMLEX-USA® is a registered trademark of The National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners, Inc. NCLEX-RN® is a registered trademark of the National Council of State Boards of Nursing, Inc. Test names and other trademarks are the property of the respective trademark holders. None of the trademark holders are endorsed by nor affiliated with Osmosis or this website.