00:00 / 00:00
Pelvis and perineum
Anatomy of the female reproductive organs of the pelvis
Anatomy of the female urogenital triangle
Anatomy of the gastrointestinal organs of the pelvis and perineum
Anatomy of the male reproductive organs of the pelvis
Anatomy of the male urogenital triangle
Anatomy of the pelvic cavity
Anatomy of the pelvic girdle
Anatomy of the perineum
Anatomy of the urinary organs of the pelvis
Arteries and veins of the pelvis
Nerves and lymphatics of the pelvis
Anatomy clinical correlates: Female pelvis and perineum
Anatomy clinical correlates: Male pelvis and perineum
Urine good hands here at Osmosis, because we care about each other and our learners! Bad puns aside, urine is an important way for us to eliminate waste and it takes quite the journey from the kidneys to the outside world! Let’s look at the path of urine after it leaves the kidneys, and the structures it passes through along its journey.
After exiting the kidney, urine travels through 3 main structures before leaving the body; the ureters, the urinary bladder and the urethra.
Let’s start with the ureters, which are paired muscular tubes sitting retroperitoneally that transport urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder. The ureters are roughly 30 centimeters long, and have two parts; an upper abdominal part and a lower pelvic part.
The abdominal part starts at the kidneys, and descends in the abdomen posterior to the peritoneum to reach the pelvic brim. Here, the ureters cross near the bifurcation of the common iliac arteries - where the external and internal iliac arteries begin - and are now referred to as the pelvic ureters.
The pelvic ureters run on the lateral walls of the pelvis reaching the ischial spines. Then, each pelvic ureter passes anteromedially to enter the posterior wall of the urinary bladder. Now, the ureter is surrounded by many structures that differ between biologically male individuals and biologically female individuals.
In males, the ureters enter the posterior wall of the bladder superior to the seminal vesicles, which are paired glands that secrete parts of the seminal fluid. Also, the ureters run posterior to the ductus deferens, which are paired tubes that carry sperm from the scrotum to the pelvic cavity.
Latest on COVID-19
Nurse Practitioner (NP)
Physician Assistant (PA)
Create custom content
Raise the Line Podcast
Copyright © 2024 Elsevier, its licensors, and contributors. All rights are reserved, including those for text and data mining, AI training, and similar technologies.
Cookies are used by this site.
Terms and Conditions
USMLE® is a joint program of the Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB) and the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME). COMLEX-USA® is a registered trademark of The National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners, Inc. NCLEX-RN® is a registered trademark of the National Council of State Boards of Nursing, Inc. Test names and other trademarks are the property of the respective trademark holders. None of the trademark holders are endorsed by nor affiliated with Osmosis or this website.