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Bundle branch block
Pulseless electrical activity
Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT)
Premature atrial contraction
Long QT syndrome and Torsade de pointes
Premature ventricular contraction
Rheumatic heart disease
Atrial septal defect
Coarctation of the aorta
Patent ductus arteriosus
Ventricular septal defect
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
Tetralogy of Fallot
Total anomalous pulmonary venous return
Transposition of the great vessels
Pericarditis and pericardial effusion
Aortic valve disease
Mitral valve disease
Pulmonary valve disease
Tricuspid valve disease
Coronary steal syndrome
Polycystic kidney disease
Renal artery stenosis
Peripheral artery disease
Subclavian steal syndrome
Superior mesenteric artery syndrome
Human herpesvirus 8 (Kaposi sarcoma)
Chronic venous insufficiency
Deep vein thrombosis
Acyanotic congenital heart defects: Pathology review
Aortic dissections and aneurysms: Pathology review
Atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis: Pathology review
Cardiac and vascular tumors: Pathology review
Cardiomyopathies: Pathology review
Coronary artery disease: Pathology review
Cyanotic congenital heart defects: Pathology review
Dyslipidemias: Pathology review
Endocarditis: Pathology review
Heart blocks: Pathology review
Heart failure: Pathology review
Hypertension: Pathology review
Pericardial disease: Pathology review
Peripheral artery disease: Pathology review
Shock: Pathology review
Supraventricular arrhythmias: Pathology review
Valvular heart disease: Pathology review
Vasculitis: Pathology review
Ventricular arrhythmias: Pathology review
In angiosarcoma, -sarcoma refers to a malignant tumor, and angio- refers to a blood vessel or a lymphatic vessel. So angiosarcoma is a cancer of either a blood vessel, in which case it’s called a hemangiosarcoma, or a cancer of a lymphatic vessel, in which case it’s called a lymphangiosarcoma. Both arise from the inner lining of the vessel wall, known as endothelium.
Angiosarcomas form when endothelial cells suddenly start proliferating abnormally. If these masses grow inside the blood vessel lumen, they can obstruct the blood flow, and that interferes with the oxygen and nutrient supply to various tissues, and can eventually result in tissue ischemia. If lymph flow is obstructed, lymph fluid backs up in the tissues, causing lymphedema.
Cancer cells from hemangiosarcomas and lymphangiosarcomas can also invade the vessel wall, destroying it and making it burst, leading to bleeding or lymph fluid outflow in the surrounding tissue. In general, these cancer cells multiply rapidly and can be easily carried by blood flow or lymphatic flow to far-off sites within the body, particularly the lungs, where they form a new, metastatic tumor or tumors. Because of this, angiosarcoma is considered to be a particularly aggressive type of cancer.
Angiosarcomas can occur anywhere in the body, but most often develop within the skin, bone, soft tissue, breast, or liver, and often spread from those locations to the lungs. Angiosarcoma of the skin usually shows up on the head or neck as a raised, purplish skin area that looks like a bruise that doesn’t heal; it may bleed, be painful, or be accompanied by swelling of the skin surrounding the affected area. Angiosarcoma of the bone is usually multifocal, meaning it affects multiple sites within the same bone, or involves multiple bones of the same limb.
Angiosarcomas are rare and aggressive cancers that can develop from lymphatic or vascular endothelial cells. They can occur anywhere in the body, but most commonly arise in the scalp, breast, and chest. These tumors are often hard to diagnose early because they can mimic other more benign conditions.
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