Anti-tuberculosis (TB) medications are drugs used to treat tuberculosis. Common TB medications include Isoniazid (INH), Rifampin (RIF) Pyrazinamide (PZA), and Ethambutol (EMB). Other TB drugs include Streptomycin, Capreomycin, Amikacin, and Levofloxacin. TB drugs are typically administered in combination, which helps minimize resistance to one of the drugs.
Side effects of TB drugs include vitamin B6 deficiency for isoniazid. This is prevented by taking isoniazid with vitamin B6 supplements (pyridoxine). Other side effects include hepatotoxicity for isoniazid, ethambutol, and pyrazinamide; and thrombocytopenia and neutropenia for Rifampin.
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