Body dysmorphic disorder




Body dysmorphic disorder

Psychological disorders

Mood disorders

Major depressive disorder


Bipolar disorder

Seasonal affective disorder

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder

Anxiety disorders

Generalized anxiety disorder

Social anxiety disorder

Panic disorder



Obsessive-compulsive disorders

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Body focused repetitive disorders

Body dysmorphic disorder

Stress-related disorders and abuse

Post-traumatic stress disorder

Physical and sexual abuse

Psychotic disorders

Schizoaffective disorder

Schizophreniform disorder

Delusional disorder


Cognitive and dissociative disorders



Dissociative disorders

Eating disorders

Anorexia nervosa

Bulimia nervosa

Personality disorders

Cluster A personality disorders

Cluster B personality disorders

Cluster C personality disorders

Somatoform and factitious disorders

Somatic symptom disorder

Factitious disorder

Substance use disorders and drugs of abuse

Tobacco dependence

Opioid dependence

Cannabis dependence

Cocaine dependence

Alcohol use disorder

Sleep disorders


Nocturnal enuresis


Night terrors

Narcolepsy (NORD)

Sexual dysfunction disorders

Erectile dysfunction

Male hypoactive sexual desire disorder

Orgasmic dysfunction

Female sexual interest and arousal disorder

Genito-pelvic pain and penetration disorder

Pediatric disorders

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Disruptive, impulse control, and conduct disorders

Learning disability

Fetal alcohol syndrome

Tourette syndrome

Autism spectrum disorder

Rett syndrome

Shaken baby syndrome



Psychiatric emergencies


Serotonin syndrome

Neuroleptic malignant syndrome

Psychological disorders review

Mood disorders: Pathology review

Amnesia, dissociative disorders and delirium: Pathology review

Personality disorders: Pathology review

Eating disorders: Pathology review

Psychological sleep disorders: Pathology review

Psychiatric emergencies: Pathology review

Drug misuse, intoxication and withdrawal: Hallucinogens: Pathology review

Malingering, factitious disorders and somatoform disorders: Pathology review

Anxiety disorders, phobias and stress-related disorders: Pathology Review

Trauma- and stress-related disorders: Pathology review

Schizophrenia spectrum disorders: Pathology review

Drug misuse, intoxication and withdrawal: Stimulants: Pathology review

Drug misuse, intoxication and withdrawal: Alcohol: Pathology review

Developmental and learning disorders: Pathology review

Childhood and early-onset psychological disorders: Pathology review


Body dysmorphic disorder


0 / 8 complete

USMLE® Step 1 questions

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High Yield Notes

3 pages


Body dysmorphic disorder

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USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

of complete

A 20-year-old woman comes to the physician to discuss the possibility of undergoing rhinoplasty. The patient tells the physician her nose looks “twisted” and “not symmetrical,” and she would like to have surgery to correct it. When in public, she explains that she frequently tries to cover her nose with a scarf because she feels “embarrassed by the way it looks.” Additionally, she also thinks her “skin tone is not even,” and she feels that her friends’ skin is much better than hers. She adds that although she was told by her friends and family that there are no issues with her nose or her skin, she feels ashamed of her appearance. She reports checking the mirror every hour, which she says “consumes a lot of time” in her day. The patient is not reassured by the physician’s comments that her nose and skin appear healthy and symmetric, and she insists that she looks “ugly.” She has not experienced suicidal ideation or attempts of self-harm. Physical examination reveals skin picking in multiple areas of the patient’s body. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis in this patient?

External References

First Aid








Body dysmorphic disorder p. 586

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) p. 580

body dysmorphic disorder p. 586


Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a mental disorder in which a person becomes excessively preoccupied with one or more perceived defects or flaws in their appearance. These flaws may be minor or imagined, and can cause significant emotional distress. People with BDD may go to great lengths to hide their appearance from others, and often have low self-esteem and feelings of worthlessness. The cause of BDD is unknown, but it is thought to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors.


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