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Bones of the upper limb
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The upper limb is connected to the axial skeleton, which is the cranium, vertebral column, and associated thoracic cage, by the bony pectoral girdle at the sternoclavicular joint, which is the connection between the clavicle and sternum.
Each upper limb is made up of 32 bones, and has a number of different regions.
Then there’s the arm, which only has one bone, called the humerus.
OK, now let’s have a look at the shoulder girdle first.
The scapula helps to connect the rest of the upper limb to the trunk, while stabilizing and assisting the shoulder during movement while serving as an attachment point for numerous muscles and ligaments.
Now, like any respectable triangle, the scapula has three borders; the shortest and the thinnest of them is the superior border.
Then there’s the medial border, which runs parallel to the vertebral column, and finally, there’s the lateral border which is the thickest one.
The upper limb starts from the pectoral girdle to hand. The pectoral girdle is made up of the clavicle and scapula. Next is the arm, which contains the humerus, the forearm containing the radius and the ulna; the wrist made up of the carpals; the hand made up of the metacarpals; and finally, digits contain phalanges. Each bone has a unique shape that helps it perform its specific function.
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