00:00 / 00:00
Generalized anxiety disorder
Social anxiety disorder
Major depressive disorder
Major depressive disorder with seasonal pattern
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome
Lewy body dementia
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Autism spectrum disorder
Disruptive, impulse control, and conduct disorders
Fetal alcohol syndrome
Body dysmorphic disorder
Body focused repetitive disorders
Cluster A personality disorders
Cluster B personality disorders
Cluster C personality disorders
Female sexual interest and arousal disorder
Genito-pelvic pain and penetration disorder
Male hypoactive sexual desire disorder
Somatic symptom disorder
Alcohol use disorder
Physical and sexual abuse
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Amnesia, dissociative disorders and delirium: Pathology review
Anxiety disorders, phobias and stress-related disorders: Pathology Review
Childhood and early-onset psychological disorders: Pathology review
Dementia: Pathology review
Developmental and learning disorders: Pathology review
Drug misuse, intoxication and withdrawal: Alcohol: Pathology review
Drug misuse, intoxication and withdrawal: Hallucinogens: Pathology review
Drug misuse, intoxication and withdrawal: Other depressants: Pathology review
Drug misuse, intoxication and withdrawal: Stimulants: Pathology review
Eating disorders: Pathology review
Malingering, factitious disorders and somatoform disorders: Pathology review
Mood disorders: Pathology review
Personality disorders: Pathology review
Psychiatric emergencies: Pathology review
Psychological sleep disorders: Pathology review
Schizophrenia spectrum disorders: Pathology review
Trauma- and stress-related disorders: Pathology review
0 / 13 complete
0 / 3 complete
Demi Lovato Talks About Eating Disorder (2013)
Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa Interventions
Bulimia Nervosa Assessment
bulimia nervosa p. 586
for bulimia nervosa p. 585
anovulation and p. 665
drug therapy for p. 592
laxative abuse by p. NaN
Mallory-Weiss syndrome and p. 384
SSRIs for p. 595
treatment p. 726
with bulimia nervosa p. 586
bulimia nervosa p. 585
anorexia/bulimia nervosa p. 585
bulimia nervosa p. 726
enamel erosion (bulimia nervosa) p. 585
Bulimia nervosa, often just called bulimia, is a disorder characterized by rapid, out-of-control binge-eating past the point of fullness or comfort, followed by purging.
Purging can take a couple of different forms: one is self-induced vomiting, performed by manually stimulating the gag reflex or drinking ipecac syrup; the other is defecation with the aid of laxatives or diuretics.
To fit the diagnosis, the cycle of binging and purging must be repeated consistently at least once a week for a period of 3 months, but can happen as often as multiple times per day.
The onset of bulimia typically happens around adolescence, usually in individuals with low self-esteem who have a strong desire to have control over key aspects of their life including their weight.
They are often fixated on food, including the amount of food they consume as well as the caloric and fat content of that food.
The pattern of bulimia is often cyclical, with someone setting unrealistic goals for themselves (like getting a 100 percent on every exam they take).
When they don’t reach those goals, they binge, and then they purge to try to “fix” the binging episode.
Individuals with bulimia will also try to control their weight in other ways—by taking stimulants, by going on extreme diets such as “water fasts” where they consume only water, and by exercising excessively.
These symptoms of binging and purging with bulimia nervosa can be confused with another eating disorder, anorexia nervosa, where they might also binge and purge.
The main distinction between these two disorders has nothing to do with this act of binging and purging; it’s actually defined by an individual's weight.
People with bulimia are usually normal weight or overweight, whereas people with anorexia are underweight.
Because of this, people can more easily hide the fact that they suffer from bulimia, and can also potentially start out with bulimia, which progresses into anorexia over time.
The binging and purging cycles associated with bulimia can result in a number of serious side effects.
Latest on COVID-19
Nurse Practitioner (NP)
Physician Assistant (PA)
Create custom content
Raise the Line Podcast
Copyright © 2024 Elsevier, its licensors, and contributors. All rights are reserved, including those for text and data mining, AI training, and similar technologies.
Cookies are used by this site.
Terms and Conditions
USMLE® is a joint program of the Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB) and the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME). COMLEX-USA® is a registered trademark of The National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners, Inc. NCLEX-RN® is a registered trademark of the National Council of State Boards of Nursing, Inc. Test names and other trademarks are the property of the respective trademark holders. None of the trademark holders are endorsed by nor affiliated with Osmosis or this website.