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Summary of Bursitis
Bursitis is the inflammation of one or more small sacs of synovial fluid. They are lined with a synovial membrane that secretes a lubricating synovial fluid.  Healthy bursae create a smooth, almost frictionless functional gliding surface making normal movement painless. When bursitis occurs, however, movement relying on the inflamed bursa becomes difficult and painful. Moreover, movement of tendons and muscles over the inflamed bursa aggravates its inflammation, perpetuating the problem.




Musculoskeletal system

Pediatric musculoskeletal conditions
Musculoskeletal injuries and trauma
Bone disorders
Joint disorders
Muscular disorders
Neuromuscular junction disorders
Other autoimmune disorders
Musculoskeletal system pathology review



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High Yield Notes
7 pages


8 flashcards

USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

2 questions

USMLE® Step 2 style questions USMLE

2 questions

A 55-year-old woman comes to the emergency department because of right-sided hip pain for the past month. She says that the pain is aggravated by walking and lying on her side. She has a history of asthma and diabetes. She does not smoke or drink alcohol. Her temperature is 37.5°C (99.5°F), pulse is 70/min, respirations are 14/min, and blood pressure is 130/79 mmHg. Physical examination shows severe tenderness to palpation over the right thigh near the greater trochanter. The skin is non-erythematous. There is full active and passive range of motion in her hips. There is only some pain on adduction in the right hip.  Which of the following synovial fluid analyses is the most likely explanation for this patient’s symptoms?

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