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Congenital diaphragmatic hernia

Summary of Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a birth defect of the diaphragm in which the abdominal structures enter the thorax. The most common type is one in which a diaphragmatic opening on the posterior left side (usually) allows abdominal contents to protrude into the thorax. This compresses and deforms the lung on the affected side; most neonates with the condition have cyanosis and respiratory distress at birth. Diagnosis is by a chest X-ray showing intestinal loops in the thorax. Treatment is surgery with diaphragmatic closure.



Gastrointestinal system


Peritoneum and peritoneal cavity
Upper gastrointestinal tract disorders
Lower gastrointestinal tract disorders
Liver, gallbladder and pancreas disorders
Gastrointestinal system pathology review

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia


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High Yield Notes
8 pages

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia

5 flashcards

USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

2 questions

USMLE® Step 2 style questions USMLE

1 questions

A male newborn is delivered at 39 weeks’ gestation in the labor and delivery unit to a 34-year-old, gravida 2, para 1, woman following an uncomplicated pregnancy. Physical examination shows a tachycardic and tachypneic male with pale-blue skin. His abdomen appears caved-in and the left side of his chest seems larger than the right. Diminished breath sounds, displaced heart sounds, and bowel sounds are heard on thoracic auscultation. His Apgar scores at 1 and 5 minutes are 6 and 4, respectively. A chest x-ray is obtained and is shown below. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?