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Cortical blindness

Summary of Cortical blindness
Cortical blindness is the total or partial loss of vision in a normal-appearing eye caused by damage to the brain's occipital cortex. Cortical blindness can be acquired or congenital, and may also be transient in certain instances. Acquired cortical blindness is most often caused by loss of blood flow to the occipital cortex from either unilateral or bilateral posterior cerebral artery blockage (ischemic stroke). In most cases, the complete loss of vision is not permanent and the patient may recover some of their vision (Cortical visual impairment). Congenital cortical blindness is most often caused by perinatal ischemic stroke, encephalitis, and meningitis

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Cortical blindness

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High Yield Notes
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Flashcards

Cortical blindness

12 flashcards
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(Acquired/Congenital) cortical blindness is most commonly caused by loss of blood flow to the occipital cortex through the posterior cerebral artery

Questions

USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

2 questions

USMLE® Step 2 style questions USMLE

2 questions
Preview

A 43-years-old police officer comes to the emergency department because of blunt trauma to the back of the head. He is disoriented but conscious. He hesitates and answers the question of identifying the color his shirt incorrectly. He denies any problems with his vision. Ophthalmic examination shows blindness. Physical examination shows that the patient is unable to walk in a straight line and bumps into the examination table. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?