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Lordosis, kyphosis, and scoliosis
Osteomalacia and rickets
Paget disease of bone
Calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease (pseudogout)
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Inclusion body myopathy
Degenerative disc disease
Spinal disc herniation
Achilles tendon rupture
Anterior cruciate ligament injury
Iliotibial band syndrome
Patellar tendon rupture
Patellofemoral pain syndrome
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Thoracic outlet syndrome
Radial head subluxation (Nursemaid elbow)
Rotator cuff tear
Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome
Limited systemic sclerosis (CREST syndrome)
Mixed connective tissue disease
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Developmental dysplasia of the hip
Osgood-Schlatter disease (traction apophysitis)
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis
Back pain: Pathology review
Bone disorders: Pathology review
Bone tumors: Pathology review
Gout and pseudogout: Pathology review
Muscular dystrophies and mitochondrial myopathies: Pathology review
Myalgias and myositis: Pathology review
Neuromuscular junction disorders: Pathology review
Pediatric musculoskeletal disorders: Pathology review
Rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis: Pathology review
Scleroderma: Pathology review
Seronegative and septic arthritis: Pathology review
Sjogren syndrome: Pathology review
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE): Pathology review
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Hip Dysplasia in Adolescent and Young Adults | Boston Children's Hospital
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
Congenital hip dysplasia, or developmental dysplasia of the hip, is a problem where the socket or acetabulum - and the femoral head are misaligned, resulting in an unstable hip joint.
Typically, the problem is present at birth, but sometimes it appears later as the bones develop over time.
The hip joint is a ball and socket type because the ball-shaped head of the femur sits and rotates within the acetabulum which is a cup-shaped socket.
The hip joint is supported by a tough fibrous joint capsule, which is made up of three main ligaments, the iliofemoral, the pubofemoral, and the ischiofemoral.
The main job of the joint capsule is to hold articulating bones together and make sure the joint stays stable when the hip is moving.
Now, the acetabulum itself is a combination of parts of three pelvic bones that join together - the ischium, the ileum, and the pubis.
At the bottom of the acetabulum known as the acetabular fossa, arises a ligament, called the ligamentum teres that attaches to the fovea capitis, which is a depression found on the tip of the femoral head.
This ligament helps with joint stability especially during hip flexion and abduction.
Now, the edge of the acetabulum has a thick bony circular rim covered by a ring of cartilage known as the acetabular labrum.
At its lower end, there’s a depression called the acetabular notch, which is covered by the transverse ligament which fills the gap within the circumference of the acetabulum.
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