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Fibrocystic breast changes
Paget disease of the breast
Intrauterine growth restriction
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Gestational trophoblastic disease
Germ cell ovarian tumor
Polycystic ovary syndrome
Premature ovarian failure
Sex cord-gonadal stromal tumor
Surface epithelial-stromal tumor
Congenital cytomegalovirus (NORD)
Congenital rubella syndrome
Neonatal herpes simplex
Preeclampsia & eclampsia
Female sexual interest and arousal disorder
Genito-pelvic pain and penetration disorder
Fetal alcohol syndrome
Fetal hydantoin syndrome
Androgen insensitivity syndrome
Hypospadias and epispadias
Benign prostatic hyperplasia
Male hypoactive sexual desire disorder
Amenorrhea: Pathology review
Benign breast conditions: Pathology review
Breast cancer: Pathology review
Cervical cancer: Pathology review
Complications during pregnancy: Pathology review
Congenital TORCH infections: Pathology review
Disorders of sex chromosomes: Pathology review
Disorders of sexual development and sex hormones: Pathology review
HIV and AIDS: Pathology review
Ovarian cysts and tumors: Pathology review
Penile conditions: Pathology review
Prostate disorders and cancer: Pathology review
Sexually transmitted infections: Vaginitis and cervicitis: Pathology review
Sexually transmitted infections: Warts and ulcers: Pathology review
Testicular and scrotal conditions: Pathology review
Testicular tumors: Pathology review
Uterine disorders: Pathology review
Vaginal and vulvar disorders: Pathology review
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My Ectopic Pregnancy Story
ectopic pregnancy p. NaN
ectopic pregnancy and p. NaN
appendicitis differential diagnosis p. 390
Chlamydia trachomatis p. , 147
hCG in p. 654
Kartagener syndrome p. 47
methotrexate for p. 444
salpingitis and p. 182
ectopic pregnancy p. 661
In ectopic pregnancy, ectopic means “out of place,” so an ectopic pregnancy means that a pregnancy occurs somewhere other than in the uterine cavity.
In order for an ectopic pregnancy to take place, a couple of things need to happen differently from the normal process of a pregnancy.
First, following ovulation, the egg must be fertilized and come to rest somewhere other than the endometrium of the uterine cavity.
Next, when it arrives at this destination, it must implant on a surface with a rich enough blood supply to support a developing embryo.
Ectopic pregnancies have been known to occur on various surfaces, including the ovaries, intestines, and most commonly, in the ampulla of the Fallopian tube.
After implantation, the embryo begins developing and growing just like it would in a normal pregnancy.
Over time, a few different things can happen. Sometimes the tissue can no longer provide a sufficient blood supply for the embryo, leading to its death.
On the other hand, if the tissue can supply the embryo with sufficient blood, then hormones from the corpus luteum and placenta can lead to a missed menstrual period and other body changes like nausea and fullness of breasts, which are typically seen in early pregnancy.
If the ectopic pregnancy occurs in the ampulla of the fallopian tube, it eventually runs out of space.
Slowly the ectopic pregnancy stretches the nerve fibers within the wall of the fallopian tube, causing lower abdominal pain.
Eventually, the expansion causes damage to the wall of the ampulla, potentially rupturing the fallopian tube.
A ruptured ectopic can also lead to massive hemorrhaging into the abdominal cavity, and the blood can irritate the peritoneum which can cause referred pain to the shoulder.
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