00:00 / 00:00
Generalized anxiety disorder
Social anxiety disorder
Major depressive disorder
Major depressive disorder with seasonal pattern
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome
Lewy body dementia
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Autism spectrum disorder
Disruptive, impulse control, and conduct disorders
Fetal alcohol syndrome
Body dysmorphic disorder
Body focused repetitive disorders
Cluster A personality disorders
Cluster B personality disorders
Cluster C personality disorders
Female sexual interest and arousal disorder
Genito-pelvic pain and penetration disorder
Male hypoactive sexual desire disorder
Somatic symptom disorder
Alcohol use disorder
Physical and sexual abuse
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Amnesia, dissociative disorders and delirium: Pathology review
Anxiety disorders, phobias and stress-related disorders: Pathology Review
Childhood and early-onset psychological disorders: Pathology review
Dementia: Pathology review
Developmental and learning disorders: Pathology review
Drug misuse, intoxication and withdrawal: Alcohol: Pathology review
Drug misuse, intoxication and withdrawal: Hallucinogens: Pathology review
Drug misuse, intoxication and withdrawal: Other depressants: Pathology review
Drug misuse, intoxication and withdrawal: Stimulants: Pathology review
Eating disorders: Pathology review
Malingering, factitious disorders and somatoform disorders: Pathology review
Mood disorders: Pathology review
Personality disorders: Pathology review
Psychiatric emergencies: Pathology review
Psychological sleep disorders: Pathology review
Schizophrenia spectrum disorders: Pathology review
Trauma- and stress-related disorders: Pathology review
0 / 15 complete
0 / 3 complete
Experiences with Münchausen Syndrome
Munchausen syndrome by proxy p. 585
Factitious disorder, which is sometimes called Munchausen syndrome, is where an individual fabricates or exaggerates physical or psychological symptoms because they enjoy being in the “sick role”.
These symptoms are sometimes faked but may also be induced; for example, a person with factitious disorder might purposefully ingest something to induce vomiting.
Factitious disorder is listed in the DSM-5 as a somatic symptom disorder.
But unlike other disorders in that group, individuals don’t experience any symptoms, nor are they concerned that they will develop any symptoms.
Factitious disorder can happen as a single episode, but generally individuals have recurrent hospitalizations and are very knowledgeable about the symptoms they are trying to pass off as real.
Individuals with factitious disorder are generally motivated by the attention and sympathy that they receive when pretending to be sick.
These motivations are often subconscious, which is to say that individuals often don’t even realize why they fabricate their symptoms.
Importantly, individuals with this disorder are usually not faking their symptoms for money, time off of work, access to medications, or any other obvious external reward; if this were the case, it’d be a psychological condition known as malingering.
A related diagnosis is “factitious disorder imposed on another” which is also called factitious disorder by proxy or Munchausen syndrome by proxy.
In this form of the disorder, one person deliberately makes a second person ill without that person’s knowledge.
Latest on COVID-19
Nurse Practitioner (NP)
Physician Assistant (PA)
Create custom content
Raise the Line Podcast
Copyright © 2024 Elsevier, its licensors, and contributors. All rights are reserved, including those for text and data mining, AI training, and similar technologies.
Cookies are used by this site.
Terms and Conditions
USMLE® is a joint program of the Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB) and the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME). COMLEX-USA® is a registered trademark of The National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners, Inc. NCLEX-RN® is a registered trademark of the National Council of State Boards of Nursing, Inc. Test names and other trademarks are the property of the respective trademark holders. None of the trademark holders are endorsed by nor affiliated with Osmosis or this website.