00:00 / 00:00
Amino acid metabolism
Nitrogen and urea cycle
Citric acid cycle
Electron transport chain and oxidative phosphorylation
Pentose phosphate pathway
Physiological changes during exercise
Fatty acid oxidation
Fatty acid synthesis
Ketone body metabolism
Maple syrup urine disease
Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency
Hereditary fructose intolerance
Pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency
Glycogen storage disease type I
Glycogen storage disease type II (NORD)
Glycogen storage disease type III
Glycogen storage disease type IV
Glycogen storage disease type V
Mucopolysaccharide storage disease type 1 (Hurler syndrome) (NORD)
Mucopolysaccharide storage disease type 2 (Hunter syndrome) (NORD)
Fabry disease (NORD)
Gaucher disease (NORD)
Metachromatic leukodystrophy (NORD)
Niemann-Pick disease type C
Niemann-Pick disease types A and B (NORD)
Tay-Sachs disease (NORD)
Disorders of amino acid metabolism: Pathology review
Disorders of carbohydrate metabolism: Pathology review
Disorders of fatty acid metabolism: Pathology review
Dyslipidemias: Pathology review
Glycogen storage disorders: Pathology review
Lysosomal storage disorders: Pathology review
Fatty acid synthesis
0 / 11 complete
0 / 3 complete
Fatty foods include red meat, dairy products, and even peanut butter.
This occurs by combining lots of 2-carbon molecules, called acetyl-coenzyme A or acetyl-CoA, into a single 16-carbon, long chain fatty acid called palmitoyl-coenzyme A, or palmitoyl-CoA.
Palmitoyl-CoA can then serve as a precursor to even longer chain fatty acids.
To make palmitoyl-CoA, acetyl-CoA provides the carbon atoms, and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, or NADPH provides the hydrogen atoms.
As it turns out, most of the acetyl-CoA used to make fatty acids comes from carbohydrate metabolism - specifically glucose, which is a 6-carbon sugar molecule.
After eating a glucose-rich dinner, like cake and cookies, glucose levels in the blood rise quickly.
Fatty acids are one of the essential forms of energy storage. The biosynthesis of fatty acids is a multi-step process in the cytoplasm, mainly of the liver and fat cells. The process takes place in three major steps: the citrate shuttle, acetyl-CoA carboxylase (the rate-limiting step), and fatty acid synthase complex.
Copyright © 2023 Elsevier, its licensors, and contributors. All rights are reserved, including those for text and data mining, AI training, and similar technologies.
Cookies are used by this site.
USMLE® is a joint program of the Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB) and the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME). COMLEX-USA® is a registered trademark of The National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners, Inc. NCLEX-RN® is a registered trademark of the National Council of State Boards of Nursing, Inc. Test names and other trademarks are the property of the respective trademark holders. None of the trademark holders are endorsed by nor affiliated with Osmosis or this website.