Febrile seizures are a type of seizure that can occur in children with fever (>38℃). A seizure is a sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbance in the brain. Febrile seizures typically affect children from 6 months to 5 years old, who do not have epilepsy or any other defined cause of seizures.
Febrile seizures usually occur in about 2%–4% of children younger than 5 years of age. Boys are more likely than girls to have febrile seizures, and there is a risk for recurrence if a child has had one before. Even though most febrile seizures are self-limiting and last for just a few seconds to minutes, some can last for up to 30 minutes, and antiseizure medications are recommended for those that continue for more than 5 minutes.
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