Fibrocystic breast changes



Fibrocystic breast changes

Reproductive system

Female reproductive system disorders

Breast cancer

Breast cancer: Pathology review

Fibrocystic breast changes

Intraductal papilloma


Paget disease of the breast

Phyllodes tumor

Benign breast conditions: Pathology review

Intrauterine growth restriction



Potter sequence

Preterm labor

Postpartum hemorrhage


Pelvic inflammatory disease


Sexually transmitted infections: Vaginitis and cervicitis: Pathology review

Ectopic pregnancy

Gestational trophoblastic disease


Germ cell ovarian tumor

Krukenberg tumor

Ovarian cyst

Ovarian torsion

Polycystic ovary syndrome

Premature ovarian failure

Sex cord-gonadal stromal tumor

Surface epithelial-stromal tumor

Ovarian cysts and tumors: Pathology review


Congenital cytomegalovirus (NORD)

Congenital rubella syndrome

Congenital syphilis

Congenital toxoplasmosis

Neonatal conjunctivitis

Neonatal herpes simplex

Neonatal meningitis

Neonatal sepsis

Congenital TORCH infections: Pathology review

Cervical incompetence

Gestational diabetes

Gestational hypertension

Hyperemesis gravidarum

Placenta accreta

Placenta previa

Placental abruption

Preeclampsia & eclampsia

Complications during pregnancy: Pathology review

Female sexual interest and arousal disorder

Genito-pelvic pain and penetration disorder

Orgasmic dysfunction

Fetal hydantoin syndrome

Fetal alcohol syndrome

Cervical cancer

Cervical cancer: Pathology review


Endometrial cancer

Endometrial hyperplasia



Uterine fibroid

Uterine disorders: Pathology review

Vaginal and vulvar disorders: Pathology review


Fibrocystic breast changes


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USMLE® Step 1 questions

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High Yield Notes

12 pages


Fibrocystic breast changes

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USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

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A 32-year-old woman, gravida 0 para 0, comes to the office after noticing a painful breast lump in the right breast on self-examination. The patient did notice that the lump becomes larger and tender closer to menstruation, and it often self-resolves once the period has ended.  Medical history is unremarkable, she takes no medication, and she has not had any recent trauma. Family history is positive for breast cancer in her mother at age 60. Vitals are within normal limits. On physical examination, a nodular lump is present in the upper outer quadrant of the right breast accompanied by diffuse tenderness. No discharge is expressible from either nipple. No lymphadenopathy is noted. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?  


Fibrocystic breast changes are benign (non-cancerous) lumps and bumps that can be found in the breasts of women. The cause of fibrocystic breast changes is unknown, but the condition is believed to be related to hormonal changes that occur during a woman's menstrual cycle.


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