Generalized anxiety disorder


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Generalized anxiety disorder

Psychological disorders

Mood disorders

Major depressive disorder


Bipolar disorder

Seasonal affective disorder

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder

Anxiety disorders

Generalized anxiety disorder

Social anxiety disorder

Panic disorder



Obsessive-compulsive disorders

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Body focused repetitive disorders

Body dysmorphic disorder

Stress-related disorders and abuse

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Physical and sexual abuse

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Schizoaffective disorder

Schizophreniform disorder

Delusional disorder


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Personality disorders

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Factitious disorder

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Sleep disorders


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Fetal alcohol syndrome

Tourette syndrome

Autism spectrum disorder

Rett syndrome

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Psychiatric emergencies


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Neuroleptic malignant syndrome

Psychological disorders review

Mood disorders: Pathology review

Amnesia, dissociative disorders and delirium: Pathology review

Personality disorders: Pathology review

Eating disorders: Pathology review

Psychological sleep disorders: Pathology review

Psychiatric emergencies: Pathology review

Drug misuse, intoxication and withdrawal: Hallucinogens: Pathology review

Malingering, factitious disorders and somatoform disorders: Pathology review

Anxiety disorders, phobias and stress-related disorders: Pathology Review

Trauma- and stress-related disorders: Pathology review

Schizophrenia spectrum disorders: Pathology review

Drug misuse, intoxication and withdrawal: Stimulants: Pathology review

Drug misuse, intoxication and withdrawal: Alcohol: Pathology review

Developmental and learning disorders: Pathology review

Childhood and early-onset psychological disorders: Pathology review


Generalized anxiety disorder


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USMLE® Step 1 questions

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High Yield Notes

7 pages


Generalized anxiety disorder

of complete


USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

of complete

A 35-year-old woman presents to the physician for evaluation of fatigue. The patient tells the physician she finds it difficult to sleep at night because she feels she needs to check on her 12-year-old son multiple times throughout the night to ensure he is safe. She adds that she feels worried about her family most of the time, and she calls them multiple times during the day, although she knows this may be “too much.” She says that lately, she has been “irritable” and “feeling on edge.” Additionally, the patient changed her work recently, and she feels worried she may lose her job because she finds it difficult to concentrate while at work and keeps thinking about her family. She says that this has been going on for more than 8 months. Past medical history is noncontributory.  Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis in this patient?  

External References

First Aid








Benzodiazepines p. 566

generalized anxiety disorder p. 586

Buspirone p. 598

generalized anxiety disorder p. 586

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) p. 580

generalized anxiety disorder p. 586

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) p. 585, 586

buspirone p. 598

drug therapy for p. 596

selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for p. 599

serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) for p. 599

Sleep problems

generalized anxiety disorder p. 586

SNRIs (serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors ) p. 599

generalized anxiety disorder p. 586

SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) p. 599

generalized anxiety disorder p. 586

Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) p. 599

generalized anxiety disorder p. 586


Content Reviewers

Rishi Desai, MD, MPH


Tanner Marshall, MS

Say you’ve got a huge presentation in front of all your colleagues—you’re feeling a bit nervous, and you get even more stress in the final days leading up to the presentation.

That stress is completely normal, and really, probably useful in certain situations since it can make you more alert and careful.

After the presentation’s over you feel the stress start to fade away, right?

Well, for 3% of the population, the stress doesn’t go away, and the stress isn’t even necessarily brought on by a specific event; it’s just always just sort of… there.

At this point it’s considered to be anxiety.

That anxiety might even get worse over time, and might even cause further problems like chest pains or nightmares.

Sometimes the anxiety is so severe that it causes someone to be anxious about leaving the house or doing everyday things like going to work or school.

This anxiety may be a sign of Generalized Anxiety Disorder, sometimes shortened to GAD.

GAD’s characterized by excessive, persistent, and unreasonable anxiety about everyday things, like money, family, work, and relationships; even sometimes the thought of getting through the day causes anxiety.

There are three general categories for anxiety.

If the anxiety doesn’t seem to go away, it’s called persistent anxiety.

If someone feels greater levels of anxiety than the average person, it’s called excessive anxiety.

If the anxiety is about something that shouldn’t really be causing much stress at all, it’s called unreasonable anxiety.

People who have GAD might understand that their anxieties are excessive and unreasonable, but they feel it’s out of their control and don’t quite know how to stop it.

People with severe GAD might be completely debilitated and have trouble with the simplest daily activities, or they might be only mildly affected and be able to function socially and hold down a job.

Sometimes the feelings might worsen or improve over time.

In addition to having feelings of worries and anxiety, other symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder include edginess and restlessness, difficulty concentrating or feeling like the mind just goes blank, and irritability.

These psychological symptoms can also lead to physical manifestations of symptoms like digestive problems from eating more or eating less.

People with generalized anxiety disorder might have muscle aches and soreness from carrying tension in their muscles.


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