Gestational diabetes mellitus is defined as of variable degree, with onset or first recognition made during pregnancy.
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A 29-year-old woman, G1P0, comes to the office for a routine prenatal visit. She is 28 weeks pregnant, her BMI is 29 kg/m2, and she admits to poor dietary habits. A 50 g glucose challenge test revealed a serum glucose value of 145 mg/dL. Today, she brings a copy of her 3-hour oral glucose tolerance test (GTT) results, which confirm the diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus. Which of the following represents the most appropriate next step in the management of her condition?