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Glycogen storage disease type V





Population genetics
Genetic disorders
Down syndrome (Trisomy 21)
Edwards syndrome (Trisomy 18)
Patau syndrome (Trisomy 13)
Fragile X syndrome
Huntington disease
Myotonic dystrophy
Friedreich ataxia
Turner syndrome
Klinefelter syndrome
Prader-Willi syndrome
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Gaucher disease (NORD)
Glycogen storage disease type I
Glycogen storage disease type II (NORD)
Glycogen storage disease type III
Glycogen storage disease type IV
Glycogen storage disease type V
Mucopolysaccharide storage disease type 1 (Hurler syndrome) (NORD)
Krabbe disease
Niemann-Pick disease types A and B (NORD)
Niemann-Pick disease type C
Primary ciliary dyskinesia
Phenylketonuria (NORD)
Sickle cell disease (NORD)
Tay-Sachs disease (NORD)
Wilson disease
Fragile X syndrome
Alport syndrome
X-linked agammaglobulinemia
Fabry disease (NORD)
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency
Mucopolysaccharide storage disease type 2 (Hunter syndrome) (NORD)
Lesch-Nyhan syndrome
Muscular dystrophy
Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome
Mitochondrial myopathy
Autosomal trisomies: Pathology review
Muscular dystrophies and mitochondrial myopathies: Pathology review
Miscellaneous genetic disorders: Pathology review

Glycogen storage disease type V


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High Yield Notes
7 pages

Glycogen storage disease type V

11 flashcards

USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

3 questions

A 20-year-old man comes to the emergency department with painful muscle spasms. He notices that these episodes worsen after a run and seem to improve after brief periods of rest. His past medical history includes a right knee ACL tear. His temperature is 37.0°C (98.6°F), pulse is 80/min, respirations are 16/min, and blood pressure is 125/75 mmHg. Abdominal examination is unremarkable. Rapid fingerstick glucose is 80 mg/dL. Serum creatine kinase levels are elevated. Laboratory investigations are shown below:

 Sodium   140 mEq/L 
 Potassium  4 mEq/L 
 Creatinine   1.3 mg/dL 
 Creatine kinase  645 U/L 
 BUN/Cr  <15 
 Blood   Positive  
 Erythrocytes  0/hpf 
 Leukocytes  2/hpf 
 Fractional excretion of sodium (FENa  >2%  

Electrocardiogram and echocardiogram are unremarkable. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? 

External References

Glycogen storage disease type V, also known as McArdle's disease, is a glycogen metabolism disorder in which an enzyme known as muscle phosphorylase (myophosphorylase) is deficient. Muscle phosphorylase is necessary to break down glycogen stored in muscles into usable glucose. People with Glycogen storage disease type V can present with rhabdomyolysis, myoglobinuria, exercise intolerance, and muscle weakness.