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Heart failure: Clinical
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This can happen in two ways, either the heart’s ventricles can’t pump blood hard enough during systole, called systolic heart failure, or not enough blood fills into the ventricles during diastole, called diastolic heart failure.
In both cases, blood backs up, causing congestion or fluid buildup, which is why it’s also often called congestive heart failure.
All right, so the heart needs to squeeze out a certain volume of blood each minute, called cardiac output, which is the heart rate - or the number of beats in a minute - multiplied by the stroke volume – or the volume of blood squeezed out with each heartbeat.
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