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Hepatic encephalopathy

Summary of Hepatic encephalopathy
Hepatic encephalopathy is the occurrence of confusion, altered level of consciousness, and coma as a result of liver failure; mainly its inability to metabolize ammonia to urea. It may ultimately lead to death. Treatment generally includes lactulose (increase NH4+ generation) and rifaximin or neomycin (decrease NH4+ producing gut bacteria).

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Notes

Pathology

Gastrointestinal system

Peritoneum and peritoneal cavity disorders
Upper gastrointestinal tract disorders
Lower gastrointestinal tract disorders
Liver, gallbladder and pancreas disorders