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Hepatic encephalopathy

Summary of Hepatic encephalopathy
Hepatic encephalopathy is the occurrence of confusion, altered level of consciousness, and coma as a result of liver failure; mainly its inability to metabolize ammonia to urea. It may ultimately lead to death. Treatment generally includes lactulose (increase NH4+ generation) and rifaximin or neomycin (decrease NH4+ producing gut bacteria).



Gastrointestinal system


Peritoneum and peritoneal cavity
Upper gastrointestinal tract disorders
Lower gastrointestinal tract disorders
Liver, gallbladder and pancreas disorders
Gastrointestinal system pathology review

Hepatic encephalopathy


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High Yield Notes
4 pages

Hepatic encephalopathy

10 flashcards

USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

1 questions

USMLE® Step 2 style questions USMLE

2 questions

A 55-year-old man comes to the emergency department because of an altered mental state for 3 days. The patient's wife says he has been acting "strange" and is sleeping much more than normal, especially during the day. His medical history includes irritable bowel syndrome, chronic alcoholism, and hypertension. Physical examination shows asterixis, slurred speech, and a fluid wave over the abdomen. MRI of the brain shows no abnormalities. Which of the following laboratory findings is most likely to be associated with these findings?

External References