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Hyperlipidemia

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Biochemistry and nutrition

Biochemistry

Biochemistry and metabolism
Metabolic disorders

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Hyperlipidemia

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High Yield Notes
7 pages
Flashcards

Hyperlipidemia

20 flashcards
Questions

USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

5 questions
Preview

A 26-year-old man is evaluated in the emergency department for epigastric pain that began an hour ago. He reports that the pain radiates to the back and is 9 out of 10 in severity. The patient consumes a diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables. He drinks 2-3 glasses of wine per week on social occasions. Family history is notable for recurrent episodes of pancreatitis in his father and paternal uncle. His temperature is 37.7°C (99.9°F), blood pressure is 125/83 mmHg, and pulse is 96/min. Physical examination is notable for tenderness on light palpation of the epigastric region. Abdominal exam also reveals hepatosplenomegaly and the following finding:  


Reproduced from: Wikimedia Commons  

Xanthomas are found on the patient’s bilateral elbows. Which of the following set of laboratory findings would be most likely expected in this patient?  

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Summary

Hyperlipidemia is a condition where you have high levels of lipids in your blood, specifically above 200 mg/dL of triglycerides and above 190 mg/dL of cholesterol. Among the causes of hyperlipidemia are genetic predisposition, high-fat diet, and sedentary lifestyle. There are also secondary causes like diabetes mellitus, metabolic disorders such as hypothyroidism. Hyperlipidemia can lead to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases such as myocardial infarction and stroke.