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Stage 1 hypertension is between 130 and 139 mmHg on the systolic side, and between 80 and 89 mmHg on the diastolic side.
Stage 2 hypertension is defined as anything that is 140 mmHg or higher on the Systolic side and 90 mmHg or higher on the diastolic side.
Typically, both systolic and diastolic pressures tend to rise or fall together, but that’s not always the case.
Sometimes, you can have systolic or diastolic hypertension, when one number is normal and the other is really high. This is referred to as isolated systolic hypertension or isolated diastolic hypertension.
The out-of-office blood pressure is either a home blood pressure, which is taken by the patient at home, or an ambulatory blood pressure monitoring or ABPM, which involves 24-hour monitoring of blood pressure as the patients live their normal daily life, and while they sleep, to see if the blood pressure falls at night compared to during the day. It uses a small digital blood pressure machine that is attached to a belt around the body and it’s connected to a cuff around the upper arm.
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