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Hypertension

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Pathology

Cardiovascular system

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Hypertension

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High Yield Notes
6 pages
Flashcards

Hypertension

20 flashcards
Preview

Systolic blood pressure of is seen in stage I hypertension.

Questions

USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

6 questions

USMLE® Step 2 style questions USMLE

12 questions
Preview

Post-mortem examination begins for a 68-year-old man at the pathology laboratory. He had suffered from a myocardial infarction. His wife says he has a recent history of chest tightness with exertion, and occasionally at rest. His medical history shows chronic hypertension, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. He is a truck driver by occupation and has been a long-term smoker who has lived a sedentary lifestyle. Post-mortem examination shows a heart similar to the one depicted below. There is also generalized hardening of the arteries. Which of the hypertrophies is most likely present in this gross sample?

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Transcript

Content Reviewers:

Rishi Desai, MD, MPH

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, affects over a billion people around the world. Now, ‘normal’ systolic blood pressure is defined as less than 120 mmHg, and normal diastolic pressure is less than 80 mmHg. Pre-hypertension is when systolic blood pressure is between 120 and 129 mmHg and less than 80 mmHg on the diastolic side. Stage 1 hypertension is between 130 and 139 mmHg on the systolic side, and between 80 and 89 mmHg on the diastolic side. Stage 2 hypertension is defined as anything that is 140 mmHg or higher on the Systolic side and 90 mmHg or higher on the