00:00 / 00:00
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Primary adrenal insufficiency
Adrenal cortical carcinoma
Thyroglossal duct cyst
Thyroid eye disease (NORD)
Toxic multinodular goiter
Euthyroid sick syndrome
Subacute granulomatous thyroiditis
Growth hormone deficiency
Constitutional growth delay
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH)
Premature ovarian failure
Polycystic ovary syndrome
Androgen insensitivity syndrome
Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 1 (NORD)
Multiple endocrine neoplasia
Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms
Opsoclonus myoclonus syndrome (NORD)
Adrenal insufficiency: Pathology review
Adrenal masses: Pathology review
Hyperthyroidism: Pathology review
Hypothyroidism: Pathology review
Thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer: Pathology review
Parathyroid disorders and calcium imbalance: Pathology review
Diabetes mellitus: Pathology review
Cushing syndrome and Cushing disease: Pathology review
Pituitary tumors: Pathology review
Hypopituitarism: Pathology review
Diabetes insipidus and SIADH: Pathology review
Multiple endocrine neoplasia: Pathology review
Neuroendocrine tumors of the gastrointestinal system: Pathology review
Hypopituitarism: Pathology review
0 / 5 complete
Daniel Afloarei, MD
Robyn Hughes, MScBMC
On your rounds, you admit 28-year-old Regina who presents with an 8-month history of depression, cold intolerance, fatigue, and reduced libido.
History revealed she delivered a healthy baby eight months ago, and that the delivery was complicated by a severe postpartum hemorrhage.
She has also been unable to breastfeed and hasn’t had her menstruation since giving birth. Physical examination is remarkable for bradycardia, weight loss, and delayed relaxation of her reflexes.
Then you see Alexander, a 58-year-old male with difficulty seeing things in his peripheral vision. He also describes a loss of sex drive, erectile dysfunction, and significant weight gain, all starting approximately two years ago.
The examination revealed moderate obesity, bilateral gynecomastia, and bitemporal hemianopsia.
Basal serum hormone measurements were performed, showing decreased T4 levels in Regina and decreased FSH, LH, and testosterone levels in Alexander.
Both people have hypopituitarism. So hypopituitarism refers to the decreased secretion of one, some, or all of the anterior pituitary hormones.
These hormones are ACTH, or adrenocorticotropic hormone; TSH, or thyroid stimulating hormone; GH, or growth hormone; FSH, or follicle-stimulating hormone; LH, or luteinizing hormone, and prolactin.
Posterior pituitary hormone deficiency can also occur, but it’s extremely rare. This part of the pituitary gland releases oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone, or ADH.
Hypopituitarism typically occurs because of an acquired or congenital issue where the hypothalamus or pituitary is injured. Now, the clinical picture of hypopituitarism depends on which hormone is missing.
Copyright © 2023 Elsevier, except certain content provided by third parties
Cookies are used by this site.
USMLE® is a joint program of the Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB) and the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME). COMLEX-USA® is a registered trademark of The National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners, Inc. NCLEX-RN® is a registered trademark of the National Council of State Boards of Nursing, Inc. Test names and other trademarks are the property of the respective trademark holders. None of the trademark holders are endorsed by nor affiliated with Osmosis or this website.