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Infective endocarditis: Clinical
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|Complete Blood Count, Serum|
|Leukocyte count||14,100 /mm3|
But in order to reach the heart valves, a microbe has to first get into the bloodstream.
There are a few ways that might happen - microbes can hop into a blood vessel near an open wound or an abscess, or during a dental or surgical procedure, or they can go directly in when a person gets injected with an infected needle which sometimes happens while using illicit drugs.
Risk factors for infective endocarditis include cardiac factors, like prior infective endocarditis, a prosthetic valve or implantable cardiac device like a pacemaker, or valvular or congenital heart disease; and noncardiac factors like intravenous drug use, having an intravenous catheter, immunosuppression, or a recent dental or surgical procedure.
Clinically, infective endocarditis is categorized as either native valve endocarditis when it affects a previously normal heart valve, or prosthetic valve endocarditis when it affects an artificial heart valve.
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