Skip to content

Inguinal hernia

Summary of Inguinal hernia
An inguinal hernia is a protrusion of abdominal-cavity contents through the inguinal canal. This may include pain or discomfort especially with coughing, exercise, or bowel movements. Often it gets worse throughout the day and improves when lying down. A bulging area may occur that becomes larger when bearing down. Inguinal hernias occur more often on the right than left side. The main concern is strangulation, where the blood supply to part of the bowel is blocked. This usually produces severe pain and tenderness of the area.



Gastrointestinal system


Peritoneum and peritoneal cavity
Upper gastrointestinal tract disorders
Lower gastrointestinal tract disorders
Liver, gallbladder and pancreas disorders
Gastrointestinal system pathology review

Inguinal hernia


1 / 7 complete
High Yield Notes
20 pages

USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

7 questions

USMLE® Step 2 style questions USMLE

4 questions

A 66-year-old man comes to the office because of groin discomfort for the past two weeks. He says he has worsening symptoms when he has a bowel movement. Physical examination shows no abnormalities. Ultrasound of the pelvic region shows a direct inguinal hernia. Which of the following ultrasonographic findings regarding the hernia is most likely to aid in accurate diagnosis?

External References