Carbohydrates and sugars
Fats and lipids
Vitamin K deficiency
Vitamin D deficiency
Excess Vitamin A
Excess Vitamin D
Folate (Vitamin B9) deficiency
Niacin (Vitamin B3) deficiency
Vitamin B12 deficiency
Vitamin C deficiency
Fat-soluble vitamin deficiency and toxicity: Pathology review
Water-soluble vitamin deficiency and toxicity: B1-B7: Pathology review
Zinc deficiency and protein-energy malnutrition: Pathology review
0 / 6 complete
0 / 1 complete
maternal iodine deficiency p. 638
Iodine deficiency refers to the lack of sufficient amounts of the trace element iodine in the body. Iodine is crucial in the synthesis of thyroid hormones, specifically thyroxine and triiodothyronine. Thyroid hormones play a central role in regulating the normal metabolism. Consequences of iodine deficiency include goiter; cretinism, which results in developmental delays and other health problems; and hypothyroidism.
Copyright © 2023 Elsevier, except certain content provided by third parties
Cookies are used by this site.
USMLE® is a joint program of the Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB) and the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME). COMLEX-USA® is a registered trademark of The National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners, Inc. NCLEX-RN® is a registered trademark of the National Council of State Boards of Nursing, Inc. Test names and other trademarks are the property of the respective trademark holders. None of the trademark holders are endorsed by nor affiliated with Osmosis or this website.