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Kwashiorkor

Summary of Kwashiorkor
Kwashiorkor is a form of severe protein–energy malnutrition characterized by edema, irritability, anorexia, ulcerating dermatoses, and an enlarged liver with fatty infiltrates. Sufficient calorie intake, but with insufficient protein consumption, distinguishes it from marasmus. Kwashiorkor cases occur in areas of famine or poor food supply. Cases in the developed world are rare.

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Kwashiorkor

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High Yield Notes
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Kwashiorkor

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In a patient with kwashiorkor, the liver becomes fatty due to (decreased/increased) apolipoprotein synthesis as a result of protein malnutrition.

Questions

USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

2 questions

USMLE® Step 2 style questions USMLE

1 questions
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A 7-year-old boy comes to the pediatric clinic because of a rash. He was adopted from Ghana one month ago, and his new parents say the rash has spread since they first met him 1 year ago. Physical examination shows erythematous plaques on the face, axilla, and groin skin folds. His abdomen is visibly protuberant, extremities are diffusely edematous, and he is at the 10th percentile for height. Which of the following is the most likely etiology?

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