Ludwig angina




Ludwig angina

Gastrointestinal System

Gastrointestinal System

Anatomy of the gastrointestinal organs of the pelvis and perineum

Anatomy of the oral cavity (dentistry)

Anatomy of the pharynx and esophagus

Anatomy of the anterolateral abdominal wall

Anatomy of the abdominal viscera: Blood supply of the foregut, midgut and hindgut

Anatomy of the abdominal viscera: Esophagus and stomach

Anatomy of the abdominal viscera: Small intestine

Anatomy of the abdominal viscera: Large intestine

Anatomy of the abdominal viscera: Pancreas and spleen

Anatomy clinical correlates: Anterior and posterior abdominal wall

Abdominal quadrants, regions and planes

Development of the digestive system and body cavities

Development of the gastrointestinal system

Development of the teeth

Development of the tongue

Gallbladder histology

Esophagus histology

Stomach histology

Small intestine histology

Colon histology

Liver histology

Pancreas histology

Gastrointestinal system anatomy and physiology

Anatomy and physiology of the teeth

Liver anatomy and physiology

Escherichia coli

Salmonella (non-typhoidal)

Yersinia enterocolitica

Clostridium difficile (Pseudomembranous colitis)


Salmonella typhi (typhoid fever)

Clostridium perfringens

Vibrio cholerae (Cholera)



Bacillus cereus (Food poisoning)

Campylobacter jejuni

Bacteroides fragilis


Enteric nervous system

Esophageal motility

Gastric motility

Gastrointestinal hormones

Chewing and swallowing

Carbohydrates and sugars

Fats and lipids


Vitamins and minerals

Intestinal fluid balance

Pancreatic secretion

Bile secretion and enterohepatic circulation

Prebiotics and probiotics

Cleft lip and palate



Oral candidiasis

Aphthous ulcers

Ludwig angina

Warthin tumor

Oral cancer

Dental caries disease

Dental abscess

Gingivitis and periodontitis

Temporomandibular joint dysfunction

Nasal, oral and pharyngeal diseases: Pathology review

Esophageal disorders: Pathology review

Esophageal web

Esophagitis: Clinical (To be retired)

Barrett esophagus


Zenker diverticulum

Diffuse esophageal spasm

Esophageal cancer

Esophageal disorders: Clinical (To be retired)

Boerhaave syndrome

Plummer-Vinson syndrome

Tracheoesophageal fistula

Mallory-Weiss syndrome

GERD, peptic ulcers, gastritis, and stomach cancer: Pathology review

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

Peptic ulcer

Helicobacter pylori


Peptic ulcers and stomach cancer: Clinical (To be retired)

Pyloric stenosis

Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

Gastric dumping syndrome


Gastric cancer


Small bowel bacterial overgrowth syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome

Celiac disease

Small bowel ischemia and infarction

Tropical sprue

Short bowel syndrome (NORD)

Malabsorption syndromes: Pathology review

Malabsorption: Clinical (To be retired)

Zinc deficiency and protein-energy malnutrition: Pathology review

Whipple's disease

Appendicitis: Pathology review


Appendicitis: Clinical (To be retired)

Lactose intolerance

Protein losing enteropathy

Microscopic colitis

Inflammatory bowel disease: Pathology review

Crohn disease

Ulcerative colitis

Inflammatory bowel disease: Clinical (To be retired)

Bowel obstruction

Bowel obstruction: Clinical (To be retired)


Familial adenomatous polyposis

Juvenile polyposis syndrome

Gardner syndrome

Colorectal polyps and cancer: Pathology review

Colorectal polyps

Colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer: Clinical (To be retired)

Peutz-Jeghers syndrome

Diverticulosis and diverticulitis

Diverticular disease: Pathology review

Diverticular disease: Clinical (To be retired)

Intestinal adhesions

Ischemic colitis



Cyclic vomiting syndrome

Abdominal hernias

Femoral hernia

Inguinal hernia

Hernias: Clinical (To be retired)

Congenital gastrointestinal disorders: Pathology review

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia

Imperforate anus



Meckel diverticulum

Intestinal atresia

Hirschsprung disease

Intestinal malrotation

Necrotizing enterocolitis


Anal conditions: Clinical (To be retired)

Anal fissure

Anal fistula


Rectal prolapse

Carcinoid syndrome

Crigler-Najjar syndrome

Biliary atresia

Gilbert's syndrome

Dubin-Johnson syndrome

Rotor syndrome

Jaundice: Pathology review



Cirrhosis: Pathology review

Cirrhosis: Clinical (To be retired)

Portal hypertension

Hepatic encephalopathy


Wilson disease

Budd-Chiari syndrome

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Cholestatic liver disease

Hepatocellular adenoma

Alcohol-induced liver disease

Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency

Primary biliary cirrhosis


Hepatitis A and Hepatitis E virus

Hepatitis B and Hepatitis D virus

Viral hepatitis: Pathology review

Viral hepatitis: Clinical (To be retired)

Autoimmune hepatitis

Primary sclerosing cholangitis

Neonatal hepatitis

Reye syndrome

Benign liver tumors

Hepatocellular carcinoma

Gallbladder disorders: Pathology review


Gallstone ileus

Biliary colic

Acute cholecystitis

Ascending cholangitis

Chronic cholecystitis

Gallbladder cancer

Gallbladder disorders: Clinical (To be retired)


Pancreatic pseudocyst

Acute pancreatitis

Chronic pancreatitis

Pancreatitis: Clinical (To be retired)

Pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms

Pancreatitis: Pathology review

Abdominal trauma: Clinical (To be retired)

Gastrointestinal bleeding: Pathology review

Gastrointestinal bleeding: Clinical (To be retired)

Pediatric gastrointestinal bleeding: Clinical (To be retired)

Abdominal pain: Clinical (To be retired)

Disorders of carbohydrate metabolism: Pathology review

Glycogen storage disorders: Pathology review

Glycogen storage disease type I

Glycogen storage disease type II (NORD)

Environmental and chemical toxicities: Pathology review

Medication overdoses and toxicities: Pathology review

Laxatives and cathartics


Acid reducing medications

Eosinophilic esophagitis (NORD)


Ludwig angina


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High Yield Notes

11 pages


Ludwig angina

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External Links


Ludwig angina is a severe, life-threatening soft-tissue infection of the submandibular space � the area between the lower jaw and the neck. The infection can cause swelling and obstruction of the airway, which can lead to suffocation. Ludwig angina is treated with antibiotics and, if necessary, surgery. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential for preventing serious complications or death.


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