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low birth weight p. 658
neonatal respiratory distress syndrome and p. 685
necrotizing enterocolitis and p. 395
necrotizing enterocolitis p. 395
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a medical condition primarily seen in premature infants, where portions of the bowel undergo necrosis. Symptoms of NEC may include abdominal swelling, vomiting, diarrhea, feeding intolerance, rectal bleeding, and a lack of bowel movements. NEC is diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, imaging tests, and laboratory tests. Treatment may involve antibiotics, nasogastric tube to decompress the gut, supportive management, and surgery to remove the damaged intestine.
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