Neuraminidase inhibitors are antiviral medications used for the treatment and prophylaxis of influenza A and influenza B, which are known to cause the flu. Neuraminidase inhibitors work by blocking an enzyme called neuraminidase produced by the influenza virus. The function of neuraminidase is to help new viruses to get released from infected cells, and so, its inhibition will disrupt further infection of the host’s cells. Examples of neuraminidase inhibitors include oseltamivir, and zanamivir.
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