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Oral candidiasis, also known as oral thrush, is an overgrowth of the candida species on the mucous membranes of the mouth. Candida is a type of yeast that is naturally present in the mouth, but it can overgrow and cause an infection if the balance of bacteria in the mouth is disrupted by factors like immunosuppression, antibiotic use, or some condition like diabetes mellitus.
People with oral candidiasis present with white, creamy-looking patches on the tongue and gums, which can also be present on the inside of the cheeks. Treatment for oral candidiasis typically involves antifungal medications, which can be in the form of mouthwash or tablets.
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