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Orthostatic hypotension

Summary of Orthostatic hypotension
Orthostatic hypotension, also known as postural hypotension, is a form of low blood pressure in which a person's blood pressure falls when suddenly standing up or stretching. In medical terms, it is defined as a fall in systolic blood pressure of at least 20 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure of at least 10 mm Hg when a person assumes a standing position.



Cardiovascular system


Vascular disorders
Congenital heart defects
Cardiac arrhythmias
Valvular disorders
Heart failure
Cardiac infections
Pericardial disorders
Cardiac tumors
Cardiovascular system pathology review

Orthostatic hypotension


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High Yield Notes
3 pages

Orthostatic hypotension

8 flashcards

USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

1 questions

USMLE® Step 2 style questions USMLE

1 questions

A 30-year-old man comes to the emergency department because of a near syncopal episode at work. He says that he has never had such an experience before. He describes the episode as characterized by a feeling of warmth, thirst, dizziness, and weakness that was relieved by resting. There was no chest pain, shortness of breath, or palpitations. He has no known drug allergies. His vitals are normal, but he does exhibit orthostatic hypotension. Cardiac examination shows a clear S1 and splitting of S2 on inspiration with no murmurs, rubs, or gallops. The splitting is especially prominent at the left parasternal border. Electrocardiogram shows no abnormalities. Which of the following is the most appropriate next step in management?

External References