Oxytocin and prolactin are two hormones that are involved in a variety of physiological processes, including reproductive and lactation functions. During pregnancy, these hormones prepare the breasts for lactation, by stimulating the maturation of the milk-secreting alveoli.
Oxytocin is produced by the hypothalamus and released by the posterior pituitary gland. It plays a role in childbirth, lactation, and sexual behavior. It is also thought to have a role in social bonding and attachment. On the other hand, prolactin is produced by the anterior pituitary gland and plays a role in lactation and the production of breast milk. It is also involved in the regulation of the menstrual cycle and fertility.
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