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Papulosquamous skin disorders: Clinical
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Papulosquamous disorders are a heterogeneous group of disorders whose etiology primarily is unknown, that present with both red papules and scaling.
Diagnosis is most often clinical, taking into account the location and distribution of the papulosquamous skin lesions. Only a few cases may require further investigation with skin biopsy to confirm diagnosis and choose the appropriate treatment.
Psoriasis is a chronic and complex immune-mediated disease that causes skin inflammation, presenting as well-demarcated, erythematous plaques with silver scales that can be incredibly pruritic or itchy.
For some individuals, having psoriasis may have psychosocial effects with a significant negative impact on the quality of life.
Symptoms of psoriasis can vary, and there are a few subtypes.
Plaque psoriasis is the most common. It appears as flattened areas of epidermal elevation that are inflamed and red or salmon-colored, from the underlying dilated blood vessels, and are topped with white-silvery scales.
Plaques are typically itchy and found on the scalp and in tensor regions, like the elbows, groin, lower back, and knees.
Guttate psoriasis appears as small, red, individual spots on the trunk and limbs.
This subset usually starts in childhood, and is sometimes triggered by an infection, like strep throat.
Pustular psoriasis appears as areas of red skin with small, white elevations of cloudy pus, formed from dead immune cells. They are usually tender and form on the hands and feet.
Erythrodermic psoriasis is usually the most severe subset, and appears as fire-red scales that can cover a large area of the skin. They are often extremely itchy and painful and fall off in large sheets.
Papulosquamous skin disorders are a group of skin conditions that are characterized by the presence of both papules and scales. Examples of papulosquamous disorders include psoriasis, parapsoriasis, lichen planus, pityriasis rosea, and seborrheic dermatitis.These conditions can vary in severity and can be caused by a variety of factors, such as genetics, immune system dysfunction, and exposure to irritants or allergens. Treatment options may include topical creams, oral medications, and light therapy.
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