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Pediatric ophthalmological conditions: Clinical
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Routine vision checks are done at well-child visits, and they should be done at least once when a child is between three and five years of age. And it can be done with red reflex testing, which is where an ophthalmoscope is used to compare the reflex in both eyes for asymmetry. It’s done in a dark room, where the light is directed into both eyes at the same time from a distance of 1 to 2 feet. If screening detects an abnormal red reflex further testing is required.
Sometimes, a concern is raised when parents notice that their child doesn’t seem to track their face or follow objects, or they might notice nystagmus, which are involuntary eye movement.
Parents might also notice that the normal "red eye" glow of the pupil is missing in photos.
Older children may complain of blurred vision, but most are unaware of their visual deficit.
Diplopia or double vision; visual inattentiveness, which is when people ignore things on a portion of their visual field; gray cloudiness of the pupil which is normally black; and photophobia may also be present.
Because the retina is not stimulated with a clear, focused image, or because the visual axes may be misaligned, there’s abnormal visual stimulation of the visual cortex and suppression of the retinal image formed by 1 of the eyes.
Pediatric ophthalmological conditions refer to a group of eye disorders that affect children. Some of these disorders may cause pain in addition to vision changes, whereas others just affect vision. among those which cause pain include retinoblastoma (eye cancer), conjunctivitis, corneal abrasion, and retinal detachment.
Conditions that don't typically cause pain include amblyopia (lazy eye), strabismus (crossed or misaligned eyes), and congenital cataracts. Treatment options depend on the specific condition and may include glasses, contact lenses, patching, and surgery. Early detection and intervention are crucial to prevent vision loss or other complications.
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