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Androgen insensitivity syndrome
Hypospadias and epispadias
Benign prostatic hyperplasia
Male hypoactive sexual desire disorder
Premature ovarian failure
Polycystic ovary syndrome
Sex cord-gonadal stromal tumor
Surface epithelial-stromal tumor
Germ cell ovarian tumor
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Female sexual interest and arousal disorder
Genito-pelvic pain and penetration disorder
Fibrocystic breast changes
Paget disease of the breast
Preeclampsia & eclampsia
Intrauterine growth restriction
Congenital cytomegalovirus (NORD)
Neonatal herpes simplex
Congenital rubella syndrome
Gestational trophoblastic disease
Fetal hydantoin syndrome
Fetal alcohol syndrome
Disorders of sex chromosomes: Pathology review
Prostate disorders and cancer: Pathology review
Testicular tumors: Pathology review
Uterine disorders: Pathology review
Ovarian cysts and tumors: Pathology review
Cervical cancer: Pathology review
Vaginal and vulvar disorders: Pathology review
Benign breast conditions: Pathology review
Breast cancer: Pathology review
Complications during pregnancy: Pathology review
Congenital TORCH infections: Pathology review
Disorders of sexual development and sex hormones: Pathology review
Amenorrhea: Pathology Review
Testicular and scrotal conditions: Pathology review
Sexually transmitted infections: Warts and ulcers: Pathology review
Sexually transmitted infections: Vaginitis and cervicitis: Pathology review
HIV and AIDS: Pathology review
Penile conditions: Pathology review
Pelvic inflammatory disease
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pelvic inflammatory disease p. 147
Actinomyces p. , 137
chlamydia p. 146, 180
Chlamydia trachomatis p. , 147
copper IUD p. 681
ectopic pregnancy p. 666
gonococci p. 140
gonorrhea p. 180
Pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID, is an infection of the upper female reproductive system, including the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.
It can cause a number of serious complications, including infertility.
The female reproductive system includes all of internal and external organs that help with reproduction.
The internal sex organs are the ovaries, which are the female gonads, the fallopian tubes, two muscular tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus, and the uterus, which is the strong muscular sack that a fetus can develop in.
The neck of the uterus is called the cervix, and it protrudes into the vagina.
At the opening of the vagina are the external sex organs, and these are usually just called the genitals and they’re in the vulva region.
They include the labia, the clitoris, and the mons pubis.
The vagina, uterus, and fallopian tubes all have a mucosa, which is a layer of epithelial cells that lines the inside of these organs.
PID usually develops from a bacterial infection in the vagina or cervix which causes inflammation of this mucosal layer.
Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is an infection of the upper female reproductive system that can affect the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. It is commonly caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, but can also be caused by other types of bacteria.
Symptoms of PID include lower abdominal pain, pelvic pain, fever, abnormal vaginal discharge, and dyspareunia (pain during intercourse). However, some women may have no symptoms at all. If left untreated, PID can cause serious complications such as infertility, chronic pelvic pain, and ectopic pregnancy. Treatment involves a combination of antibiotics to clear the infection and anti-inflammatory medication to reduce pain and inflammation.
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