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Pleural effusion, pneumothorax, hemothorax and atelectasis: Pathology review

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Pathology

Respiratory system

Upper respiratory tract disorders
Lower respiratory tract disorders
Pleura and pleural space disorders
Pulmonary vascular disorders
Apnea and hypoventilation
Respiratory system pathology review

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Pleural effusion, pneumothorax, hemothorax and atelectasis: Pathology review

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1 / 9 complete
Questions

USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

9 questions
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A 60-year-old man comes to the emergency department because of progressive shortness of breath and chest pain for the past three weeks. Medical history includes type II diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, and a myocardial infarction six years ago. Temperature is 37.1°C (98.9°F), pulse is 80/min, blood pressure is 135/87 mmHg, and respirations are 20/min. Physical examination reveals 2+ pitting edema in the bilateral lower extremities. Respiratory examination is notable for dullness to percussion and decreased breath sounds at the bilateral lung bases. Cardiac auscultation reveals a