00:00 / 00:00
0 / 18 complete
0 / 3 complete
immunodeficient patients p. 116
medical importance p. 164
picornavirus p. 165
unvaccinated children p. 183
poliovirus p. 183
Poliovirus p. 164
restrictive lung disease p. 700
poliomyelitis p. 549
poliomyelitis p. 549
polio presentation p. 549
In poliomyelitis, also called polio, “polio” refers to the poliovirus, which is an enterovirus that invades the intestines, “myel” refers to the spinal cord which is affected in the disease, and -itis refers to inflammation.
Former US president Franklin D. Roosevelt contracted polio when he was a baby, and it left him wheelchair-bound.
Broadly speaking, the nervous system consists of two parts.
The central nervous system consists of the brain and the spinal cord.
So the peripheral nervous system includes the nerves that fan out from the central nervous system to reach the skin, muscles, and organs.
If we draw a horizontal line through the spinal cord, the front half is the anterior or ventral half, and the back half is the posterior or dorsal half.
And the butterfly wings are sometimes referred to as horns; so we have two dorsal horns that contain cell bodies for sensory neurons and two ventral horns that contain cell bodies for motor neurons.
Poliovirus is a single-stranded RNA virus, known to cause poliomyelitis. It is transmitted through fecal-oral transmission or by aerosol droplets, and then replicates in the small intestine and oropharynx before it spreads to the central nervous system and causes nerve injury. Symptoms include high fevers, intense muscle pain from spasms and weakness, loss of muscle reflexes, and eventually paralysis. Diagnosis is done by the detection of the poliovirus from a stool or throat, or by analysis of the cerebrospinal fluid. There is no cure for polio, but it can be prevented by polio vaccines.
Copyright © 2023 Elsevier, its licensors, and contributors. All rights are reserved, including those for text and data mining, AI training, and similar technologies.
Cookies are used by this site.
USMLE® is a joint program of the Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB) and the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME). COMLEX-USA® is a registered trademark of The National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners, Inc. NCLEX-RN® is a registered trademark of the National Council of State Boards of Nursing, Inc. Test names and other trademarks are the property of the respective trademark holders. None of the trademark holders are endorsed by nor affiliated with Osmosis or this website.