Preeclampsia & eclampsia
Preeclampsia and eclampsia are two separate, but related, conditions that occur during pregnancy. Preeclampsia is characterized by hypertension and proteinuria presenting after 20 weeks of gestation and can worsen over time. In severe disease, there may be hemolysis, a low blood platelet count, impaired liver function, kidney dysfunction, shortness of breath due to fluid in the lungs, and visual disturbances.
If left untreated, preeclampsia can lead to eclampsia, a more serious condition in which the woman experiences convulsions or seizures. Treatment for preeclampsia and eclampsia typically involves a combination of bed rest and medications such as antihypertensives and magnesium sulfate, which helps to prevent seizures. In some cases, the delivery of the baby may be required.
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